Shabbat Celebration Instructions

Shabbat Celebration 


"There are six days when you may work, but the seventh day is a Sabbath

of rest, a day of sacred assembly. You are not to do any work; wherever

you live, it is a Sabbath to the ADONAI." -- Leviticus 23:3

A DAY OF REST -WHAT A WONDERFUL GIFT!

ADONAI gave us the Sabbath (Hebrew: Shabbat) as a day of rest and

rejuvenation, a day to enjoy His creation and focus on Him. Shabbat

means "to rest". How many times in our busy lives we don't take time for

needed rest! The pace of life today is much faster than it's ever been.

Today's families seem to never have enough time to spend together.

Celebrating the Sabbath provides time to unwind, be with family and

refocus on ADONAI. The Sabbath begins at sundown on Friday evening and

lasts until sundown on Saturday evening. The Friday evening meal (Erev

Shabbat or "Sabbath Eve") is very special and celebrates entering into

Sabbath rest. Saturday evening it is customary to celebrate the close of

the Sabbath with the Havdalah service.

Unfortunately, the celebration of the Sabbath is a tradition that has

been lost to many Christians. The celebration is an excellent teaching

tool about ADONAI and His plans for humanity, and a wonderful "family time"

as well. This will provide basic information to help you to celebrate

the Sabbath.

HISTORY OF THE SABBATH

The Sabbath was the first festival to be outlined by ADONAI to Moses in the

book of Leviticus. It was the first festival observed by ADONAI Himself in

the book of Genesis, as well as being the first to be observed by man,

even before the revelation at Mount Sinai when the other festivals were

commanded. The Sabbath is a time of rest and is a Picture of the Bride

(ADONAI's people) resting with the Bridegroom, Yeshua (YESHUA). It is very

symbolic of the ultimate fulfillment of the Sabbath -- the 1000 year

rest (the Millennium).

In ancient Jewish eschatology, it was believed that time was a seven

thousand year period, starting with the creation of the Heavens and the

Earth in Genesis 1 and ending with the Messianic Kingdom in years 6000 -

7000 (Revelation 21). Time was divided into three stages of 2000 years:

Years 1-2000 (after the fall) called Tohu or desolation, years 2000-4000

called Torah, or instruction (after the giving of the law), and years

4000-6000 called Y'mot Mashiach, or days of the Messiah (starting with

the Messiah's birth in the 4000th year). We are currently in this time

period. In the 6000th year the Messianic Kingdom is thought to begin

until year 7000, when the Olam Haba or eternity will begin. Ancient

Rabbis saw the 7 days of a week as a pattern of the seven thousand year

plan of ADONAI. They believed that the Sabbath was a picture of the

Messianic Kingdom, which we refer to as the Millennium.

SABBATH EVE CELEBRATION

(EREV SHABBAT)

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The Sabbath begins at sundown on Friday evening (Erev Shabbat or

"Sabbath Eve"). The Friday evening meal is very special and celebrates

entering into Sabbath rest. At this time, the focus should turn from the

activities of the week and should center on ADONAI, our family, rest and

rejuvenation.

WHAT YOU WILL NEED TO CELEBRATE!

1. A pair of candle holders with two white candles and matches

2. Wine or grape juice with glasses

3. A pitcher of water, a bowl and a towel

4. Two loaves of bread (challah is traditional)

5. A salt shaker

6. A nice napkin to cover the bread

7. A special dinner

HOW TO CELEBRATE

Traditionally, the man and woman lead their family in celebration of the

Sabbath, however anyone can perform the service. The steps are numbered

in the order that they should be performed. Explanations for each step

are included in parenthesis. For people not familiar with celebrating the

Sabbath, it is useful and edifying to read the explanations aloud as the

celebration is being performed.

WOMAN

1. Preparation Prayer

(The preparation prayer is spoken by the woman before lighting the

Sabbath candles. Traditionally, the woman covers her head with a scarf

while lighting the candles. A small pair of candles may also be lit by a

daughter, as she learns from her mother.)

Heavenly Father, we thank You for the blessings of Your rest and peace

this evening. Holy Spirit, be with us as we partake of this Sabbath.

Fill our hearts and minds with Your shalom, Your peace that surpasses

all understanding. Guide each of us that we may bless one another with

our words and actions. We ask Your blessing over our home and family.

Pour out Your Spirit upon us as we partake of Your Sabbath, Your rest.

May our home, our hearts and our minds be used by You to bring the news

that Your Messiah has come, has risen and will come again! In the name

of Yeshua Ha Mashiach, YESHUA the Messiah, we pray. Amen.

2. Lighting the Candles

(As the woman lights the candles remember that ADONAI chose another woman,

Mary, to bring forth "The Light of the World" (John 8:12).)

Baruch atah Adonai Eloheynu melech ha-olam, asher kid-shanu b'mitz-

votav, v'tzinvanu l'hadlik neyr shel Shabbat

Blessed art Thou, O ADONAI, King of the universe who has set us

apart by Your commandments and has enjoined upon us the kindling of the

Sabbath light.

Creation (lighting the first candle) This candle represents creation.

"In the beginning ADONAI created the heavens and the earth...And ADONAI said,

'Let there be light' and there was light." -- Genesis 1:1,3.

Redemption (lighting the second candle) This candle represents

redemption. YESHUA said, "I am the Light of the World. Whoever follows Me

will never walk in darkness, but will have the light of life." -- John

(The woman may now pray silently for her children.)

3. Blessings

(The man lays his hands upon his wife and each child as he asks the

ADONAI's blessing upon them. To the wife, he may read Proverbs 31 "A wife

of noble character..." He continues with an appropriate blessing, such

ADONAI, I thank You for Your blessing of this woman to me. I ask that You

bless her. Remove all fear and doubt from her heart and mind. Grant her

Your shalom, Your peace that surpasses all understanding. I ask that You

guide her steps and guard her path from Satan. Let her know that I am

committed to You, and I am committed to her. In the name of Yeshua Ha

Mashiach, YESHUA the Messiah, I pray. Amen.

(To the children he may read Psalm 127:3 "...children are a reward from

Him." He continues with an appropriate blessing such as:)

ADONAI, I thank You for the blessing of this child. I ask that You fill

him/her with Your Holy Spirit and guard his/her footsteps. I ask that

You guard his/her path from Satan. I ask that You build his/her

character in Your likeness, in truth, honor and light. I ask that You

remove fear from this child and fill him/her with Your Holy Spirit. In

the name of Yeshua Ha Mashiach, YESHUA the Messiah, I pray, Amen.

(The cup is held at the base by the fingers, causing them to point

upward. They represent the children of ADONAI, reaching up and longing for

Him. It is interesting to note that when YESHUA "gave thanks" as in

Matthew 26:27, he most likely said the same ancient blessing used here.)

The wine symbolizes YESHUA' shed blood. In Matthew 26:27, YESHUA "took the

cup, gave thanks and offered it to them saying, 'Drink from it, all of

you. This is my blood of the covenant which is poured out for many for

the forgiveness of sins'"

Baruch atah Adonai Eloheynu melech ha-olam, boaray peree ha-gofen

Blessed art Thou, O ADONAI our, King of the universe, who creates the

fruit of the vine.

(Everyone drinks of the wine.)

5. Washing

Water is used figuratively throughout Scripture to represent the Holy

Spirit. Isaiah 44:3: For I will pour water on the thirsty land, and

streams on the dry ground; I will pour out my Spirit on your offspring,

and my blessing on your descendants. Isaiah 12:3: With joy you will draw

water from the wells of salvation. (salvation in Hebrew is "Yeshua").

John 7:37: On the last and greatest day of the Feast, YESHUA stood and

said in a loud voice, "If anyone is thirsty, let him come to me and

drink. Whoever believes in me, as  the Scripture has said, streams of

living water will flow from within him." By this he meant the Spirit,

whom those who believed in him were later to receive.

Blessed art Thou, O ADONAI our, King of the universe, who has

sanctified us through Your commandments and instructed us concerning the

washing of hands. We dedicate our hands and ourselves to You.

(The man pours water from the pitcher for everyone to wash their hands.)

6. Bread

(In Leviticus 24:5-9, bread was to be set on the altar each Sabbath as a

lasting covenant. The two loaves on the table are symbolic of the double

portion of manna which ADONAI provided on Fridays for the children of

Israel when they wandered in the wilderness. The bread is covered with a

cloth, which symbolizes the dew that was around the camp when the

Israelites woke up in the desert. When the dew evaporated, the manna,

ADONAI's provision of bread was on the ground.

Traditionally, Challah (pronounced "Halla") is used as the bread (see

related recipe). Challah is a braided bread formed by braiding strips of

dough. This braid is said to represent folded arms, as in rest. )

The bread represents YESHUA, the Bread of Life. YESHUA said "I am the

living bread that came down from heaven. If anyone eats of this bread,

he will live forever. This bread is my flesh, which I will give for the

life of the world."  -- John 6:51.

Baruch atah Adonai Eloheynu melech ha-olam, ha-motzee lechem min ha-

Blessed art Thou, O ADONAI our, King of the universe, who brings forth

bread from the earth.

(Starting with the man, everyone breaks off a piece of bread to eat. A

tradition is to sprinkle a little salt on the second bite, recalling

Genesis 3:19: "By the sweat of your brow you will eat your food.")

7. The Dinner is served

(A special dinner should be served.)

8. Grace after the meal

(Deuteronomy 8:10 says, "When you have eaten and are satisfied, praise

the ADONAI your ADONAI for the good land He has given you".)

Heavenly Father, I thank You for the blessings You have given us. I

thank You for the blessing of this family to me. I ask that You

strengthen our love for each other and that You fill us with Your Holy

Spirit as we continue to enjoy Your Sabbath, Your rest. I thank You in

the name of Yeshua, Ha Mashiach, YESHUA the Messiah, who came, died for

our salvation, was raised from the dead and will return to receive all

who call upon His Name. Amen.

(The remainder of the evening and the next day, until sundown are for

rest and enjoying ADONAI's world!)

RECIPE FOR CHALLAH

(Dough can also be made in a bread baking machine)

1/2 c. lukewarm water

1/2 c. milk

1/4 c. butter or margarine (melted)

1 Tbsp. sugar

1 pkg dry yeast

2 eggs, beaten

1 tsp. salt

3 to 3 1/2 c. white flour

2 Tbsp gluten flour

Dissolve yeast in lukewarm water. Add milk, melted margarine, sugar and

beaten eggs. Add flour and salt. Mix well, then knead in bowl until

smooth. Put dough on floured board and knead until firm, smooth and not

sticky. Add more flour if needed. Shape into ball. Place in greased

bowl. Brush with oil, cover with towel and let rise about 2 hours until

double in bulk. Punch down dough and knead briefly. Let rest 10 minutes.

Divide dough in half. Divide each half into three equal pieces. Roll

each piece into a strip about 12" long. For each loaf, braid three

pieces. Put on a cookie sheet. Brush with beaten egg yolk, sprinkle with

poppy or sesame seeds. Cover with towel and let rise 1 hour. Bake at 375

degrees for 30-35 minutes. Makes two small loaves.

HAVDALAH, THE CLOSE OF THE SABBATH

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At sundown on Saturday evening as the Sabbath draws to a close, it is

customary to celebrate the Havdalah service. Havdalah means separation,

a time to separate the holy from the mundane.

WHAT YOU WILL NEED TO CELEBRATE!

1. A pair of long thin white candles twisted together and matches. You

can make these by taking two long, thin tapered candles, holding them

together over the spout of a boiling tea kettle and gradually twisting

or wrapping them around each other, starting at the base. Be careful

not to burn yourself!

2. Small jar or box containing a fragrant spice. The fragrant spice can

contain cinnamon, cloves, nutmeg, cardamom, ginger, dried grated

orange peel, or whatever you enjoy.

3. Small wine glass placed on a plate or bowl.

4. Wine or grape juice.

5. Bible.


 

How To Celebrate
Late Saturday afternoon, the family should gather for a meal that can be

easily prepared, in keeping with the Sabbath rest. Traditionally, the

Sabbath is said to end when the first three stars are visible. Following

the meal, if it is a clear day, the family can gather outside to try to

spot the first three stars. After the stars have been spotted, the woman

says a prayer that is a farewell to the day, and begins the Havdalah

celebration.

Traditionally, the man and woman lead their family in the Havdalah

celebration, however anyone can perform the service. The man's part and

woman's part have been described separately for easy reference.

Explanations for each step are given in parenthesis For people not

familiar with celebrating Havdalah, it is useful and edifying to read

the explanations aloud as the celebration is being performed.

WOMAN

1. Farewell Prayer

(The woman says a prayer that is a farewell to the day, and begins the

Havdalah celebration.)

Heavenly Father, we thank You for Your rest. We thank You for Your

Blessed Messiah Yeshua, YESHUA, Who is the Light of the World and Who

came into the darkness of the world to redeem it into the light. May

Your love fill us this night and may we bring Your light to the world.

2. Lighting the Candles

(As the woman lights the candles remember that ADONAI chose another woman,

Mary, to bring forth "The Light of the World" (John 8:12).)

The two candles represent Creation and Redemption. They have been

twisted together symbolically linking our Creation and Redemption

through YESHUA.

Baruch atah Adonai Eloheynu melech ha-olam, boaray m'oray haaysh.

Blessed art Thou, O ADONAI our, King of the universe, who creates the

light of the fire. ADONAI brings light to darkness and into our lives.

(Present the light to everyone to feel the warmth and see the

brightness.)

3. Scripture

(The man reads appropriate Scripture. A suggested reading is John 1:1-

John 1:1-14: "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with ADONAI,

and the Word was ADONAI. He was with ADONAI in the beginning. Through Him all

things were made; without Him nothing was made that has been made. In

Him was life, and that life was the light of men. The light shines in

the darkness, but the darkness has not understood it. There came a man

who was sent from ADONAI; his name was John. He came as a witness to

testify concerning that light, so that through him all men might

believe. He himself was not the light; he came only as a witness to the

light. The true light that gives light to every man was coming into the

world. He was in the world, and though the world was made through Him,

the world did not recognize Him. He came to that which was His own, but

His own did not receive Him. Yet to all who received Him, to those who

believed in His name, He gave the right to become children of ADONAI --

children born not of natural descent, nor of human decision or a

husband's will, but born of ADONAI. The Word became flesh and made His

dwelling among us. We have seen His glory, the glory of the One and

Only, who came from the Father, full of grace and truth."

(The man says the blessing for the wine before pouring it. It will be

poured until it overflows to show the fullness and completion of the

week and the fullness and completion of YESHUA' work. It also indicates

the abundance of blessings we have through YESHUA "'Test me in this,'

says the ADONAI Almighty, 'and see if I will not throw open the floodgates

of heaven and pour out so much blessing that you will not have room

enough for it.'" -- Mal 3:10.)

The wine symbolizes YESHUA' shed blood. In Matthew 26:27, YESHUA "took the

cup, gave thanks and offered it to them saying, 'Drink from it, all of

you. This is my blood of the covenant which is poured out for many for

the forgiveness of sins'"

Baruch atah Adonai Eloheynu melech ha-olam, boaray peree ha-gofen.

Blessed are You, O ADONAI our, King of the universe, who creates the

fruit of the vine.

(Fill the wine glass until it overflows onto a plate. When YESHUA was on

the cross, "...one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear,

bringing a sudden flow of blood and water". -- John 19:34.)

5. Extinguish the Candles

(The candle will be extinguished in the spilled wine. This is symbolic

of the darkness that came over the world when YESHUA died on the cross.)

Luke 23:44-46 - "It was now about the sixth hour, and darkness came over

the whole land...for the sun stopped shining...YESHUA called out with a

loud voice, 'Father, into Thy hands I commit My spirit'"

(Put out the flame in the spilled wine.)

6. Spices

(As the spice box is passed, each one should take a deep breath and try

to remember the fragrance.)

In John 19:40 - "Taking YESHUA' body, the two of them wrapped it, with

the spices, in strips of linen. This was in accordance with Jewish

burial customs." The spices signify the sweetness of life experienced in

YESHUA. He said "I have come that they may have life, and have it to the

full" (John 10:10).

(Pass the spice box.)

7. The 23rd Psalm

(The man leads his family in saying the 23rd Psalm.)

(KJV)The ADONAI is my Shepherd; I shall not want. He maketh me to lie down

in green pastures; He leadeth me beside the still waters. He restoreth

my soul; He leadeth me in the paths of righteousness for His name's

sake. Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I

will fear no evil: for Thou art with me; Thy rod and Thy staff they

comfort me. Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of mine

enemies; Thou anointest my head with oil; my cup runneth over. Surely

goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life; and I will

dwell in the house of the ADONAI forever.

8. Conclusion of Havdalah

Heavenly Father, thank You for the blessings given to us. Thank You for

sending Your Son, Messiah Yeshua, YESHUA. Watch over my family as they go

about this week. Place a guard on each of them against Satan and His

followers. Bless us as we follow Your commandments and go into the world

to share the Good News of our Messiah. In YESHUA' Name we pray. Amen.

It is traditional to end with Isaiah 52:7:

"How beautiful on the mountains are the feet of those that bring good

news, who proclaim peace, who bring good tidings, who proclaim salvation

(Hebrew: Yeshua), who say to Zion 'Your ADONAI reigns!'".

(Traditionally, dessert is served after the Havdalah service.)